Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Elaeagnus parvifolia Wall. ex Royle
Common name : Autumn Olive
Vernacular name : Giwain, Kankal (Hindi); Heiyai (Manipuri); Guenlee (Nepali)
Habit : Shrub
Habitat : Shrubberies araes, Cultivated areas; common throughout the Himalaya
Comments / notes : Fruit edible; foliage lopped for fodder.
Key identification features : A common deciduous, somewhat spiny shrub, with oblong-elliptic leaves which are silvery-scaly beneath, and with small tubular dull yellowish-white fragrant flowers appearing with the young leaves
Flower, Fruit : March-June
Meghalaya : East Khasi Hills (Shillong) district
Native : Afghanistan to China.
Exotic/Native : Native
World Distribution : Afghanistan, Assam, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, West Himalaya
Literature : Chowdhery, H. J. & Wadhwa, B. H (1984). Flora of Himachal Pradesh Vol. 2. Published BSI: 630; Oleg P & Adam S (1984). Flowers of Himalaya. Oxford University Press: 357