Comments / notes : All parts of the plant contain nicotine which is a strong narcotic. The leaves are antispasmodic, cathartic, emetic, narcotic and sedative. They are used externally as a poultice and a wash in the treatment of rheumatic swelling, skin diseases and scorpion sting.
Key identification features : All leaves shortly petiolate, base cordate or obtuse; corolla 12-17mm excluding limb, greenish-yellow, tube differentiated into short cylindrical lower part and much broader campanulate-obconical throat
Flower, Fruit : February-August
Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
Native : Peru
Exotic/Native : Exotic
World Distribution : Peru and Albania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Baleares, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Cameroon, Canary Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China, Colombia, Corse, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Hungary, Illinois, India, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Krym, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands, New York, North European Russi, Pakistan, Qinghai, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Literature : Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 184; GRIERSON A.J.C. & LONG D.G. (1983). FLORA OF BHUTAN INCLUDING A RECORD OF PLANTS FROM SIKKIM Vol. 2: Part 3. ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN, EDINBURGH: 1073