Givotia moluccana (L.) Sreem.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Givotia rottleriformis Griff. ex Wight; Croton moluccanus L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Givotia moluccana (L.) Sreem.
  • Common name : White Catamaran Tree
  • Vernacular name : Butti mara (Kannada); Thaalamaram, Kottaithanakku, Vellai-poothalai (Tamil); Kottathanukku, Kappakadalavanakku, Thala, Vandarali (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills of dry deciduous belt from 400-900m, on slopes. Latex is blood-red, slow-flowing.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-July
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Kadapa district, Kurnool district
    • Telangana : Adilabad district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district
    • Tamil Nadu : Common deciduous forests
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Givotia moluccana. Downloaded on 15 May 2021.

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