Calophyllum polyanthum Wall. ex Choisy

  • Family : CLUSIACEAE
    (Garcinia Or Kokam Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KOKAM FAMILY (कोकम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : CALOPHYLLACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Calophyllum elatum Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : The Poon-spar, Poon Tree, Sirpoon tree
  • Vernacular name : Salhonne (Kannada); Kattu pinnai (Tamil); Malampunna, Kattupunna, Punna, Pinnapai, Punnappine (Malayalam); Poon (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : A tall lofty handsome tree. Wood used in ship masts.
  • Key identification features : Tree with Buttressed trunk, unbranched to a great height. Bark deeply fissured, yellowish-brown, not flaking, blaze red with white streaks, small buttress. Flowers in panicles, white fragrant in lax panicles. Latex watery turning yellow.
  • Flower, Fruit : June-September
  • Collection Nos : DD 33622 teste Stevens, BSI (S.C.) 3083; KFP 587, KFP 7018, KFP 10942
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Uttara Kannada district, Chikkamagaluru district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India, China, Malaysia
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia, China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Sharma B.D, 1984 - Flora of Karnataka Analysis; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. polyanthum. Downloaded on 17 September 2021.

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