Cyathea gigantea (Wall. ex Hook.) Holttum

  • Family (Christenhusz et al, 2011) : CYATHEACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) :
  • Species : Cyathea gigantea
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cyathea gigantea (Wall. ex Hook.) Holttum
  • Collection Nos : HFP 676, CJS 12287
  • Collector(s) Name : F. M. Jarrett, C. J. Saldanha & T.P.Ramamoorthy; C. J. Saldanha
  • Key identification features : The trunk is about 9 cm in diameter, about a meter high with persistent swollen bases of stipes, bearing crown of fronds at the apex; trunk densely covered by scales. Stipes tufted, chestnut brown, glossy, densely scaly at the swollen base, glabrous above. Lamina bipinnate, primary pinnae about 12 pairs, spreading, alternate, distinctly stalked; secondary pinnae about 20 pairs, spreading, alternate, shortly stalked; lamina dark green when fresh, brownish when dry; texture herbaceous. Sori median on the veins, three to five and half pairs, forming two zig-zag rows submarginally, exindusiate, sporangia numerous, compact; paraphyses mingled with sporangia.
  • Habit : Tree fern
  • Native : Tropical Asia
  • Comments : Common in Western Ghats.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Collection Locality : Hassan; Hassan
  • Distribution Locality : Dakshina Kannada; Hassan; Kodagu; Uttara Kannada; Shimoga
  • Floras referred : Fraser-Jenkins, Taxonomic revision of Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes 2008; Rajagopal & Bhat, Pteridophytic flora of Karnataka State- 1998; Manickam V.S & Irudayaraj V. (1992)- Pteridophyte flora of W.Ghats, South India


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