Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Holmskioldia sanguinea Retz.
Common name : Chinese hat, Cup and Saucer, Parasol Flower, Mandarins hat
Vernacular name : Kapni (Hindi); Kode hoo (Kannada); Kharamleithong (Manipuri); Jhule Phool, Ghanti Phool, Aputo (Nepali)
Habit : shrub
Habitat : Shrubberies
Key identification features : A straggling climbing shrub with broadly ovate leaves, and with scarlet tubular flowers with large conspicuous red cup-shaped calyx, borne in crowded axillary clusters. Corolla-tube 2-2.5 cm, slender curved, curely 2-lipped, with 5 unequal blunt lobes, the lowest longer, stamens exserted; calyx brightly coloured, with a very short tube with a wide circular papery limb to 2.5 cm across. Leaves 7.5-10 cm, with a rounded or shallow heart-shaped base, stalked, obscurely toothed, dotted with minute glands on both sides; twigs quadrangular, hairy when young but becoming hairless; stems 3-10 m. Fruit 4-lobed, dry.
Flower, Fruit : August-December
Uttarakhand : Dehradun district
Native : India, East Himalaya, India, Myanmar, Nepal, West Himalaya
Exotic/Native : Native
World Distribution : Bangladesh, Borneo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Jawa, Leeward Is., Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.
Literature : Oleg P & Adam S (1984). Flowers of Himalaya. Oxford University Press: 1098