Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Buxus wallichiana Baill.
Common name : Himalayan Boxwood, Himalayan Box Tree
Vernacular name : Papri, Shamshad (Himachali); Papri, Shamshad, Chikri (Hindi)
Habit : Shrub
Habitat : In shady rocky ravines; often gregarious
Comments / notes : Wood hard, fine-grained, and durable, used for fine carving, engraving, turning, geometrical instruments, and combs. Extracts from the leaves. bark, and wood are used medicinally.
Key identification features : A dense leafy evergreen shrub to 2 m or a small tree to 7 m, with 4-sided branchlets, and with soft corky yellowish-grey bark fissured into crocodile-scales' on old stems. Flowers yellowish, in dense rounded axillary clusters 6-8 mm. Leaves entire leathery, linear-lanceolate to elliptic-oblong, 1.5-6 cm, with a blunt or notched apex, shining above and hairless. Capsule ovoid 7-12 mm, with 3 diverging styles, 3-valved.
Flower, Fruit : March-May
Himachal Pradesh : Mandi district
Native : Afghanistan, East Himalaya, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, West Himalaya
Exotic/Native : Native
Literature : Oleg P & Adam S (1984). Flowers of Himalaya. Oxford University Press: 1242