Tribulus terrestris L.

 
  • Family : ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
    (CALTROP FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Zygophyllaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Tribulus lanuginosus L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Tribulus terrestris L.
  • Common name : Puncture Vine, Land Caltrops, Bullhead, Caltrop, Cat's-Head, Devil's-Thorn, Devil's-Weed, Goats Head, Land caltrops, Tribulus
  • Vernacular name : Gokruhu (Hindi); Kiruneglimullu, Nerangi mullu, Neggele mullu (Kannada); Chini palleru, Palleru (Telugu); Gosurah (Sanskrit); Sarata, Gokhru (Marathi); Nerunji, Sirunerinji (Tamil); Gokhra, Gokhura (Oria); Nerunji (Tamil); Njerinjil, Mulluringi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Open deciduous forests
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, K. Sankara Rao & Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 26/10/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0105
  • Collection Locality : Bakarapeta, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Balasore district, Koraput district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : Tropical and warm temperate regions of the world.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Tribulus terrestris. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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