Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton

 
  • Family : ZINGIBERACEAE
    (GINGER FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Zingiberaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton
  • Common name : Cardamom
  • Vernacular name : Aelakkai (Tamil); Elachi, Elchi (Marathi); Bavula, Ealakkaya, Eallam, Elam, Elattari (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Often cultivated on the hills above 1200m, in small plantations and sometimes seen in wasteland.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Mumbai Suburban district, Mumbai-City district
    • Tamil Nadu : Cultivated
  • World Distribution : Cultivated in most parts of the world.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Elettaria cardamomum. Downloaded on 5 December 2019.

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