Curcuma neilgherrensis Wight

 
  • Family : ZINGIBERACEAE
    (GINGER FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Zingiberaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Curcuma angustifolia sensu Dalz. & Gibs.,
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Curcuma neilgherrensis Wight
  • Common name : Wild arrow root
  • Vernacular name : Kattumanjal (Tamil); Koova, Vellakkuva, Kattumanjal (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Grasslands
  • Comments / notes : Common in Western Ghats at higher elevations from 800 to 2000m
  • Flower, Fruit : March-August
  • Collection Nos : HFP 2158, CJS 13481, KFP 1324, KFP 1416
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Maharashtra : Amravati district, Pune district, Sindhudurg district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Curcuma neilgherrensis. Downloaded on 5 December 2019.

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