Viola betonicifolia Sm.

 
  • Family : VIOLACEAE
    (VIOLET FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Violaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Viola betonicifolia subsp. nepalensis (Ging.) W. Becker; Viola patrinii var. nepaulensis Ging.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Viola betonicifolia Sm.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests, grasslands, river banks and damp grounds
  • Comments / notes : Rare. Moist and sheltered places, 900 to 1000m
  • Key identification features : Small herb
  • Flower, Fruit : July-March
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district
    • Kerala : Idukki district
    • Odisha : Sundergarh district, Mahendragiri Hills (Ganjam district)
    • Tamil Nadu : Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Coimbatore district
  • World Distribution : India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Viola betonicifolia. Downloaded on 23 September 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.