Vitex trifolia L.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Vitex trifolia L.
  • Common name : Three-leaved Chaste Tree, Arabian Lilac, Hand of Mary, Indian Privet, Indian Three-leaved Vitex
  • Vernacular name : Safed samhalu (Hindi); Sakki gida (Kannada); Sindhuvaar (Sanskrit); Begundia Oria); Vavili, Nochili, Chiruvavili, Vayitaku chettu (Telugu); Nochi, Vellanochi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Coastal areas and plains
  • Flower, Fruit : May-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Gajapati district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coastal districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : South and Southeast Asia, Australia, and Pacific Islands
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Vitex trifolia. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.