Vitex peduncularis Wall. ex Schauer

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Vitex peduncularis Wall. ex Schauer
  • Vernacular name : Chedaigudi, Simjanda, Bhadu, Madhurgudia, Madho chulia (Oria); Chorai, Sambalu, Nagbail (Hindi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Near streams in moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Often planted. Frequent in open forests
  • Key identification features : Moderate size tree. Petiole winged in young trees. Leaflets yellowish, gland-dotted beneath. Bark thick
  • Flower, Fruit : February-September
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Kurnool district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Pathanamthitta district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Angul district, Sambalpur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Chitteri hills (Vellore district)
  • World Distribution : India, Himalayas, Myanmar, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indo-China, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Vitex peduncularis. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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