Vitex leucoxylon L. f.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Wallrothia leucoxylon (L.f.) Roth
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Vitex leucoxylon L.f.
  • Vernacular name : Holelakki (Kannada); Neer nochi (Tamil); Luki, Kondavavili, Gajavavili, Nakkaneredu, Nevaledi (Telugu); Magar jamu, Panijamu, Chadei gudi (Oria); Parvata padee (Sanskrit); Attunochi, Beemis, Neernochi, Vellanotchi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Along river banks, streams in evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Common throughout almost all hill ranges along the banks of rivers, streams and tanks to 800m. Plant used in local medicine by healers and practitioners.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Chittoor district, Anantapur district, Prakasam district, Nellore district, Kadapa district
    • Telangana : Mehboobnagar district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Cuttack district, Sundergarh district, Sambalpur district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district
  • Native : Indian subcontinent
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Myanmar and cultivated in other countries
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Prakasa Rao, J et al (2015). Tree additions to the flora of East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT. 7 (12):7953-7957; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Vitex leucoxylon. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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