Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Verbenaceae
  • Basionym : Verbena jamaicensis L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl
  • Common name : Devil's Coach whip, Brazilian tea, Oron's rod, Jamaican vervain, Wild Verbena
  • Vernacular name : Seemai naayuruvi (Tamil); Jalajali, Jatiya, Koraputia (Oria); Kukrijad, Kariyar tarani (Hindi); Nalladutcheri chettu, Medabalaku, Ceema nayurur (Telugu); Kattupunnuthu, Narivalan, Seemakongini (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Dry and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : An introduced plant from Tropical America, now naturalised throughout. The species identity is in conflict
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Stachytarpheta jamaicensis. Downloaded on 12 November 2019.

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