Premna serratifolia L.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Premna serratifolia L.
  • Common name : Indian Headache Tree
  • Vernacular name : Ageta, Arni (Hindi); Takkila, Ardhra soppu mara (Kannada); Paaiminnai (Tamil); Agnimantha (Sanskrit); Appel, Munja, Kozhichedi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : On plains to hills of scrub jungles
  • Comments / notes : Flowers twice a year
  • Flower, Fruit : January-November
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Kozhikode district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Kottayam district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Cuttack district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Premna serratifolia. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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