Premna latifolia Roxb.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Basionym : Premna mollissima Roth
  • Synonym(s) : Gumira millissima (Roth) Kuntze; Premna latifolia var. Mollissima (Roth) C.B. Clarke
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Premna mollissima Roth.
  • Common name : Dusky fire brand mark
  • Vernacular name : Aadre soppu, Neru gala (Kannada); Pachumalli, Pervajilla, Periajitti (Tamil); Agnimantha (Sanskrit); Tekli, Nelli, Pedda nelli (Telugu); Gandhaeu, Gadhana, Dankaloni (Oria); Knappa, Munja, Nappa (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Foothills , scrub or open forests of all hill ranges
  • Comments / notes : Young leaves and bark are edible
  • Flower, Fruit : May-January
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Prakasam district, Nellore district, Vishakapatnam district, West Godavari district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Madurai district, Salem district
  • World Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Premna latifolia. Downloaded on 21 September 2019.

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