Lantana camara L.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Verbenaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Lantana camara L.
  • Common name : Lantana, Shrub verbena, Wild sage
  • Vernacular name : Unnichedi (Tamil); Gaju pulu (Telugu); Arippoochedi, Arippu, Eedamakki, Kaniya, Kattuchinda, Konda, Kongini, Njandukali, Onnimullu, Poochedi, Sankuthevamullu, Thevadasichedi, Unnichedi, Unnimullu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Comments / notes : An introduced species, widely naturalized in forests and also growing as an invasive species in disturbed lands, forest clearings and road sides of ghats. All species of Lantana indirectly affect country’s economy
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Throughout Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : Central America
  • World Distribution : Naturalized in Tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Lantana camara. Downloaded on 21 September 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.