Gmelina philippensis Cham.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Gmelina hystrix Schult. ex Kurz
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gmelina philippensis Cham.
  • Common name : Ching-chai, Hedgehog, Parrot's Beak
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Grown as garden plant, also runs wild
  • Key identification features : Straggling armed shrub, leaves opposite, elliptic, with glands in the axil. Glands brown and hairy. Flowers in terminal spikes, showy. Bracts foliar. Corolla tubular, limb funnel shaped, with unequal lobes. Filaments curved. Fruit a fleshy, oblong drupe.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-June
  • Collection Nos : KFP 11401
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Thrissur district, Kollam district
  • Native : Southeast Asia
  • World Distribution : Introduced
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Sharma B.D, 1984 - Flora of Karnataka Analysis; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gmelina philippensis. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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