Gmelina asiatica L.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Gmelina parviflora Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gmelina asiatica L.
  • Common name : White Teak, Asian Bushbeech
  • Vernacular name : Kirushivani (Kannada); Nilakkumala, Mulkumil (Tamil); Cherukumuzhu, Chulungu, kumilamaram, Mulkumizhu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests and wastelands
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1000m.
  • Key identification features : Small tree up to 2 m tall
  • Flower, Fruit : May-February
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J Saldanha; Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 10/11/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 40072
  • Collection Locality : Kalasamudram, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Chittoor district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Prakasam district, Anantapur district, Guntur district
    • Telangana : Khammam district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Khurda district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indo-China, Indonesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gmelina asiatica. Downloaded on 22 September 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.