Gmelina asiatica L.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Gmelina parviflora Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gmelina asiatica L.
  • Common name : White Teak, Asian Bushbeech
  • Vernacular name : Kirushivani (Kannada); Nilakkumala, Mulkumil (Tamil); Cherukumuzhu, Chulungu, kumilamaram, Mulkumizhu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests and wastelands
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1000m.
  • Key identification features : Small tree up to 2 m tall
  • Flower, Fruit : May-February
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J Saldanha; Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 10/11/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 40072
  • Collection Locality : Kalasamudram, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Chittoor district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Prakasam district, Anantapur district, Guntur district
    • Telangana : Khammam district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Khurda district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indo-China, Indonesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gmelina asiatica. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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