Villebrunea integrifolia Gaud.

 
  • Family : URTICACEAE
    (Nettle Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BICHCHHOO FAMILY (बिच्छू फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : URTICACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Oreocnide integrifolia (Gaudich.) Miq.
  • Common name : Risa
  • Vernacular name : Brahma Kamoda (Oria)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : In deep ravines and glens in the hills of Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills to 1200m, in shade.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-March
  • Collection Nos : KFP 8091, KFP 11531, KFP 12176
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Kodagu (Coorg) district, Chikkamagaluru district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district, Wayanad district
    • Odisha : Kalhandi district (Kalhandi district), Bhalupodar Valley (Koraput district)
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district)
  • World Distribution : India, Tropical America, Myanmar, Indo-China, South China, Himalayas
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Villebrunea integrifolia. Downloaded on 12 July 2020.

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