Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Clerodendrum multiflorum (Burm.f.) O.Ktze.; Volkameria multiflora Burm.f.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f.
  • Vernacular name : Urni (Hindi); Husulangi (Kannada); Thazhu thaalai (Tamil); Agnimantha (Sanskrit); Takkalaku, Kondatakkai, Takkali (Telugu); Donkari (Oria); Thazuthalai (Tamil); Thiruthali (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Dry and moist deciduous forests, also road sides
  • Comments / notes : Shrub is foetid. Common along hedges throughout in villages. Flowers are fragrant during night.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-May
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R, Raja K. Swamy & K. Sankara Rao; S.B. Manohar & S. R. Ramesh; Joseph
  • Collection Date : 25-02-2016; 20-01-1979;
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0561; KFP 5933; KFP 4996
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka WLS, Khurda district (OD); Dharmasagara, Bellari district (KA); St. Joseph's college, Bangalore (KA)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Anantapur district, East Godavari district, Guntur district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Ballari district, Bidar district, Davanagare district, Dharwad district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Raichur district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Idukki district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Angul district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district
  • World Distribution : Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Clerodendrum phlomidis. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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