Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Basionym : Volkameria inermis L.
  • Synonym(s) : Clerodendrum neriifolium (Roxb.) Wall. ex Steud.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn.
  • Common name : Common Hedge Bower, Glory Bower, Embrert, Garden quinine, Sorcerers Bush, Wild Jasmine
  • Vernacular name : Binjoan (Hindi); Vishamadari (Kannada); Kundali (Sanskrit); Pisangi, Nilla vuppi, Pisinika (Telugu); Nuthunga, Phul-joli, Chinyan shi (Oria); Pinari chengu, Sangan guppi (Tamil); Cheruchinna, Chinnayila, Mullachinna, Nironchi, Puzhamulla, Sankukuppi, Vishamadari (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Plains, scrub jungles and wastelands, often by fencing
  • Comments / notes : Widely cultivated in gardens
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Tropical Asia
  • World Distribution : Tropical Asia, Australia, Myanmar, China, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Clerodendrum inerme. Downloaded on 20 September 2019.

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