Avicennia officinalis L.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Acanthaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Avicennia officinalis L.
  • Common name : White mangrove
  • Vernacular name : Madaipattai, Orei, Oora, Uppatti (Malayalam); Bani, Kalabani (Oria); Bina (Hindi); Mada, Nallamada (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Along backwaters and mangrove forests
  • Flower, Fruit : April-November
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : West Godavari district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Thrissur district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Angul district, Koraput district, Sambalpur district, Nayagarh district, Boudh district
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia to Pacific Ocean
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Avicennia officinalis. Downloaded on 14 October 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.