Avicennia alba Blume

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (VERBENA or VERVAIN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Acanthaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh.
  • Vernacular name : Bani, Safed bani (Oria); Gundu mada (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Littoral forests
  • Comments / notes : Wood is very strong and used for timber and fuel.
  • Flower, Fruit : May-September
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Cuttack district, Koraput district, Sambalpur district, Kendrapara district
  • Native : Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Avicennia alba. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

Botanical Description

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.