Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch.

 
  • Family : ULMACEAE
    (Elm Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KHIRK FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : ULMACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : Jungle Cork Tree, Indian Elm, Kanju
  • Vernacular name : Chilbil, Kaanjhu (Hindi); Tapasi mara, Rahu beejada mara (Kannada); Aavimaram, Tambachi (Tamil); Chira builva (Sanskrit); Daurang, Daranj, Girappa, Charla (Oria); Papri, Kanju, Banchilla, Dhamma, Begana (Hindi); Thapasi, Vauli, Tarisi, Nemali, Pedanevili (Telugu); Aavel, Aavil, Avelkurunnu, Njettaval, Njetavil (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills to 1100m. Less in plains and deciduous forests
  • Flower, Fruit : December-June
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 10/10/2009
  • Collection Nos : FAP 37933
  • Collection Locality : Thimmamma marrimanu, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Ballari district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Dharwad district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Raichur district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Gajapati district, Puri district, Angul district, Khurda district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Himalayas, Myanmar, Indo-China, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Holoptelea integrifolia. Downloaded on 11 July 2020.

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