Celtis timorensis Span.

 
  • Family : ULMACEAE
    (Elm Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KHIRK FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : CANNABACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Celtis cinnamomea Lindl. ex Planch.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Celtis timorensis Span.
  • Vernacular name : Bendemara, Pelle (Kannada), Poothikaashta (Sanskrit); Butha, Butha-onatthi, Poochakkurumaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills to 1200m, in moist places.
  • Key identification features : Bark pale green covered with small lenticels.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-April
  • Collection Nos : CS 6532
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Guntur district, Prakasam district
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Angul district
    • Tamil Nadu : Shevaroy Hills (Salem district)
  • Native : India, Southeast Asia
  • World Distribution : India, Himalayas, China, Malesia, Nepal, Myanmar, Indo-China, Thailand
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Yoganarasimhan, SN., Subramanyam and Razi, BA (1981). Flora of Chikmagalur District, Karnataka. Intl, Book Distri., Dehra Dun, Uttarakhand, India; Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Celtis timorensis. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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