Celtis tetrandra Roxb.

 
  • Family : ULMACEAE
    (Elm Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KHIRK FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : CANNABACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Celtis serotina Planch.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Celtis tetrandra Roxb.
  • Common name : Niligiri Elm
  • Vernacular name : Adava, Garuka (Kannada); Murungan, Kuviya (Tamil); Chitimiti (Oria); Jabjabal (Telugu); Karukkuyyan, Kuyyamaram, Oma, Poochakkurumaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Shola forests, Moist deciduous, Semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Common in moist deciduous to semi-evergreen forests across ghats.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-October
  • Collector(s) Name : S.R. Ramesh & S.B. Manohar
  • Collection Date : 16/05/1979
  • Collection Nos : KFP 7680
  • Collection Locality : B.R. Hills, Chamarajanagar district (KA)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Namakkal district
  • Native : Indo-Malaysia
  • World Distribution : India, Indo-China, Himalayas, China, Myanmar, Nepal, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Celtis tetrandra. Downloaded on 2 June 2020.

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