Aphananthe cuspidata (Blume) Planch.

  • Family : ULMACEAE
    (Elm Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KHIRK FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : CANNABACEAE
  • Basionym : Cyclostemon cuspidatum Blume
  • Synonym(s) : Gironniera reticulata Thw.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Aphananthe cuspidata (Blume) Planch.
  • Vernacular name : Kodithani (Tamil); Bhuthiyunarthi, Thondupoliyan (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Found in evergreen forests at higher altitudes.
  • Key identification features : Trunk buttressed
  • Flower, Fruit : February-May
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district)
  • World Distribution : India including Andaman Islands, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Hainan, Hong Kong, China, Thailand, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aphananthe cuspidata. Downloaded on 15 April 2021.

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