Trapa natans var. bispinosa (Roxb.) Makino

  • Family : TRAPACEAE
    (Water-Chestnut Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SINGHARA FAMILY (सिंघाड़ा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : LYTHRACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Trapa natans var. bispinosa (Roxb.) Makino
  • Common name : Water Chestnut, Singhara nut, Water Caltrops
  • Vernacular name : Singhara, Singada, Pani-Phal (Hindi); Neeru acrotu (Kannada); Kubyakama (Telugu); Pani singara (Oria); Shudghaatak (Sanskrit)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : Common aquatic herb in open tanks and along river beds. The plant is edible and used in cooking by Asians.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : West Godavari district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
  • World Distribution : India, Persia to Central Europe
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. natans var. bispinosa. Downloaded on 21 September 2021.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)


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