Typha angustata Bory & Chaub.

 
  • Family : TYPHACEAE
    (CATTAIL FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Typhaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Typha domingensis Pers.
  • Common name : Elephant Grass
  • Vernacular name : Jammu (Telugu); Jundara (Sanskrit); Pan-kanis, Ram-ban (Marathi); Hangla, Paulula (Oria); Pathera, Pater (Hindi); Jammu, Jammu gaddi, Dabbu jammu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Marshy fields
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains to 1000m, in tank marshes, river banks etc. Often gregarious in places.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • World Distribution : Temperate and sub-tropical regions in Europe, Asia, North America, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Pullaiah, 1997. Fl. Andhra Pradesh, vol. 3.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Typha angustata. Downloaded on 18 November 2019.

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