Eurya nitida Korth.

  • Family : THEACEAE
    (Tea Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : CHAAY FAMILY (चाय फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : PENTAPHYLACACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Eurya japonica var. nitida (Korth.) Dyer
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Eurya nitida Korth.
  • Vernacular name : Hulumi (Kannada); Arruttuvarai, Kooramar, Kattukarana, Kattu-theyila (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Margins of grasslands and shola forests
  • Comments / notes : Resembles tea plant. Common in forests of Western Ghats
  • Key identification features : A shrub or small tree. Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, elliptic to obovate, serrate, acute at apex, glabrous. Flowers white, dioecious, axillary fascicles; bracteoles persistent. Sepals 5, broadly ovate, persistent. Petals 5, obovate. Stamens in male flowers 10-15. Fruit a globose berry, 3-4 mm across, with persistent style base
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Collection Nos : KFP 5399, KFP 9703
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia and China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. nitida. Downloaded on 11 July 2020.

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