Sterculia guttata Roxb. ex DC.

    (Sterculia Or Cocoa Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COCOA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MALVACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Vernacular name : Kavalam (Tamil); Aanathondimaram, Kavalam, Kithondi, Narukorumban, Peenari, Potta-kavalam, Thondi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, also along ghats
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in deciduous forests in full sun and also along shola border up to 1200m.
  • Key identification features : Follicles woody, obovoid, bright red or scarlet, stellately villous without
  • Flower, Fruit : September-March
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, East Godavari district, Kadapa district, Prakasam district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Kolhapur district, Nashik district, ONE, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : Indo-Malaysia
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Malay Peninsula
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. guttata. Downloaded on 28 March 2023.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at