Sterculia foetida L.

 
  • Family : STERCULIACEAE
    (Sterculia Or Cocoa Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COCOA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : MALVACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Sterculia foetida L.
  • Common name : Java Olive, Foetid Sterculia, Skunk Tree
  • Vernacular name : Kavalam, Peenari, Poothimanathi, Poothiyunathi, Pottakavalam (Malayalam); Kuthiraippidukku, Pinari, Malaittengai (Tamil); Peenari, Pathala mara, Bhuthalamara (Kannada); Jungli badam (Hindi); Adavi badham (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests and in the plains along coastal areas
  • Comments / notes : Frequently planted along roadsides. On hilly slopes of deciduous forests up to 1000m. Often planted around places of worship. Seeds are roasted and eaten.
  • Key identification features : Follicles woody, boat-shaped
  • Flower, Fruit : March-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district, Kadapa district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Ernakulam district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Nagpur district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Konkan, Nagpur district, Osmanabad district, Pune district, Satara district
    • Odisha : All districts of Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, Ramanathapuram district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district, Dharmapuri district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • World Distribution : India, Pakistan, East Tropical Africa, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malaysia, N. Australia, Moluccas
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Sterculia foetida. Downloaded on 31 May 2020.

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