Pterospermum xylocarpum (Gaertn.) Santapau & Wagh

 
  • Family : STERCULIACEAE
    (Sterculia Or Cocoa Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COCOA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : MALVACEAE
  • Basionym : Velaga xylocarpa Gaertn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Vernacular name : Kesali, Kanaka champaka, Oopin, Rajatharu (Kannada); Masapoondi, Masippuluvai, Pulavu (Tamil); Lolgu, Tada, Polavu masapondi, Lolugu chettu (Telugu); Machh kund, Giringa (Oria)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Degraded forests and shallow ravines
  • Comments / notes : On hills up to 900m and degraded forests. Sometimes seen along banks of shallow ravines. The woody fruit is persistent.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy, K. Sankara Rao & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 24/02/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0484 (A) & (B)
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka WLS, Khurda district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Maharashtra : Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Pune district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : Indian subcontinent
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Pterospermum xylocarpum. Downloaded on 6 June 2020.

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