Symplocos cochinchinensis subsp. laurina (Retz.) Nooteb.

 
  • Family : SYMPLOCACEAE
    (SYMPLOCOS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Symplocaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Symplocos cochinchinensis var. laurina (Retz.) Noot.
  • Common name : Chunga
  • Vernacular name : Bholiya, Sodh (Hindi); Changa (Kannada); Kambili vetti, Pithakkottai, Vaspamaram (Tamil); Bhaunri (Oria); Lodrah (Sanskrit); Kamblivetti, Pachotti, Parala, Pambari (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Hill forests along streams in evergreen, semievergreen and shola forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 1300m in sholas and evergreen patches.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-September
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Keonjhar district, Sundergarh district, Angul district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dindigul district, Tiruchirapalli district, Salem district
  • World Distribution : Continental Asia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Symplocos cochinchinensis subsp. laurina. Downloaded on 16 September 2019.

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