Heritiera littoralis Aiton

 
  • Family : STERCULIACEAE
    (Sterculia Or Cocoa Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COCOA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MALVACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Heritiera littoralis Aiton
  • Common name : Looking-glass Tree
  • Vernacular name : Kannadi yele mara (Kannada); Chomuntri, Kannadi-yilai (Tamil); Latha sundari, Bara sundari (Oria); Koland, Sundri, Sundrichand (Marathi); Mukuram, Nakam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Fruits have a prominent ridge or keel on one side. When the seed is floating, this keel acts as a sail, probably aiding dispersal.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-January
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Konkan also cultivated
    • Odisha : Kendrapara district, Cuttack district, Jagatsinghpur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district
  • Native : Old World tropics
  • World Distribution : India, Andamans, Myanmar, Malesia, Philippines
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Heritiera littoralis. Downloaded on 25 February 2021.

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Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.