Firmiana colorata (Roxb.) R.Br.

 
  • Family : STERCULIACEAE
    (Sterculia Or Cocoa Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COCOA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : MALVACEAE
  • Basionym : Sterculia colorata Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Sterculia rubicunda Wall. ex Mast.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Firmiana colorata (Roxb.) R.Br.
  • Common name : Scarlet Sterculia, Colored Sterculia, Hill Gossypium
  • Vernacular name : Bodula, Samarri (Hindi); Bilisulige (Kannada); Malamparuthi (Tamil); Korata, Maraka, Kharaka, Karubopajja (Telugu); Kodalo, Pani kodal (Oria); Bhaikoi, Bharkoi, Kaushil, Khowsey, Supli (Marathi); Malamparathi, Kleeni, Kiliyani (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on the slopes of deciduous forests at 1000m. Flowers are bright, showy and can be recognised from far off distance
  • Flower, Fruit : March-June
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 26/06/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 39592
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli, Anantapur district
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Mayurbhanj district, Sundergarh district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, Salem district, Vellore district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruvannamalai district
  • Native : Indian subcontinent
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Malay Peninsula, Indonesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Firmiana colorata. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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