Eriolaena hookeriana Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : STERCULIACEAE
    (Sterculia Or Cocoa Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COCOA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MALVACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Eriolaena hookeriana Wight & Arn.
  • Vernacular name : Peruduppai, Puliccevandi, Uduppai (Tamil); Nanbotku, Nara-botaka (Telugu); Bonta (Oria); Bother, Bondia-Dhaman, Bute (Marathi); Guakasi, Vandunda (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Degraded deciduous and mixed forests
  • Comments / notes : In deciduous forests up to 1000m. On cleared slopes in full Sun. A good source of nectar for most pollinators.
  • Key identification features : Small tree. Flowers many, in cymes towards the extremities of the branches
  • Flower, Fruit : March-Januaryuary
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Kerala : Idukki district
    • Odisha : Sambalpur district, Angul district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Salem district, Dindigul district, Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Ramanathapuram district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Eriolaena hookeriana. Downloaded on 21 September 2021.

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