Sphenoclea zeylanica Gaertn.

 
  • Family : SPHENOCLEACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sphenocleaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Sphenoclea zeylanica Gaertn.
  • Common name : Crab's eye
  • Vernacular name : Nanddu kannu, Mudhalaippoondu (Tamil); Pani mircho (Oria)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on plains in low-lying marshy ground by river banks. Abundant weed of paddy fields and fallow lands
  • Flower, Fruit : October-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district,
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Puri district, Khurda district, Ganjam district, Cuttack district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district), Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district
  • World Distribution : Central Asia, Tropical Africa, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, South-east China to Myanmar, Malaysia, Taiwan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Sphenoclea zeylanica. Downloaded on 16 September 2019.

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