Solanum virginianum L.

 
  • Family : SOLANACEAE
    (NIGHTSHADE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Solanaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl.; Solanum surattense Burm. f.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Solanum virginianum L.
  • Common name : Febrifuge plant, Yellow berried Nightshade
  • Vernacular name : Kateli, Ringani, Bhat kaliya, Kattay (Hindi); Kandankathiri (Tamil); Pinna mulaka, Nela mulaka, Vankuda, Nelavankuda (Telugu); Ankranti, Ankuranti, Beji begun, Bejari (Oria); Nelagulle (Kannada); Kantakaari (Sanskrit); Bhui-ringni (Marathi); Kandakarichunda, Kandakarivazhuthina, Kandankathiri, Puttachunda (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Degraded forest areas, also along roadsides and wasteland
  • Comments / notes : occasional on plains to 400m.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 10/08/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 39875
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli forest, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • World Distribution : India, Himalayas, Southeast Asia, Malaysia, Australia, Polynesia, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Sankar,R.V., R. Kottaimuthu & K. Ravikumar (2009). Additions to the flora of Sirumalai Hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(7): 379-381; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Solanum virginianum. Downloaded on 21 September 2019.

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