Solanum violaceum Ortega

 
  • Family : SOLANACEAE
    (NIGHTSHADE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Solanaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Solanum violaceum Ortega
  • Common name : Poison berry, Indian Nightshade
  • Vernacular name : Ban bhata, Bhat kaira, Birhatta, Barhanta (Hindi); Mullu Sundekaayi, Kaadu Badnekaayi, Ustikaayi (Kannada); Mulsundai (Tamil); Jiddumunaja chettu, Tella mulaka, Kakamunchi (Telugu); Kantra, Denga bheji, Bheji baigan (Oria); Chunda, Cheruchunda, Cheruvazhuthina, Puthirichunda, Kandamullu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Evergreen, semi-evergreen and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy & Arun Singh
  • Collection Date : 12-09-2014; 13-09-2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0028; HJCB-0052
  • Collection Locality : Pudunur R.F., Tiruvannamalai district (TN); Toppur village, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • World Distribution : Tropical Asia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Solanum violaceum. Downloaded on 15 November 2019.

Botanical Description

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