Capsicum frutescens L.

  • Family : SOLANACEAE
    (Nightshade Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BAINGAN FAMILY (बैंगन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : SOLANACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Capsicum conoides Mill.; Capsicum micranthum Link; Capsicum fastigiatum Blume; Capsicum minimum Clarke
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Capsicum annuum L.
  • Common name : Bird's eye Chilly
  • Vernacular name : Dhan Mirch, Lovongi Mirchi (Hindi); Menasu (Kannada); Milagay (Tamil); Golkonda mirapa, Konda mirapa, Aggi mirapa (Telugu); Dhanua lanka (Oria); Kantharimulaki, Palmulaku, Vellakanthari (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Widely cultivated as a vegetable
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 31/10/2015
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0371
  • Collection Locality : Yelagiri Hills, Vellore district
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : Madurai district, Namakkal district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Vellore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Sivaganga district, Villipuram district, Tiruvannamalai district
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : Cultivated in most parts of the world.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. frutescens. Downloaded on 30 May 2020.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at