Capsicum annuum L.

 
  • Family : SOLANACEAE
    (Nightshade Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BAINGAN FAMILY (बैंगन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : SOLANACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Capsicum annuum var. acuminata Fingerh.; Capsicum purpureum Roxb.; Capsicum annuum var longum; Capsicum bicolor Jacq.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Capsicum annuum L.
  • Common name : Chilly plant, Red peppers, Cayenne pepper, Long chilly, Sapnish pimento
  • Vernacular name : Lal Mirchi, Mirch (Hindi); Menasu, Menasina kaayi (Kannada); Usimilagai (Tamil); Mirapa, Mirapa kaaya (Telugu); Lonka (Oria)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : Commonly cultivated, often as an escape.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Nagpur district, Nashik district, Pune district
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : Cultivated all over the world
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; N.P. Singh, P. Lakshminarasimhan, S. Karthikeyan & P. V. Prasanna (2001). Flora of Maharashtra state, Dicotyledones. Vol. 2.pp.510. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Capsicum annuum. Downloaded on 7 June 2020.

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