Datura stramonium L.

 
  • Family : SOLANACEAE
    (NIGHTSHADE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Solanaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Datura tatula L.; D. inermis Jacq.; D. laevis; D. wallichii Dunal
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Datura stramonium L.
  • Common name : Common thorn Apple, Stramonium, Datura, Devil's apple, Jimson weed
  • Vernacular name : Dhatura (Hindi); Ummati gida (Kannada); Ummatta (Telugu); Duddura, Datura (Oria); Ummam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Waste places and scrub jungles
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in wastelands, roadsides and hills up to 2000m. It has a variety of medicinal uses. The alkaloid 'scopalamine', present in the plant is an acetyl choline receptor.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-September
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district, Hassan district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Davanagare district, Mysuru district, Dharwad district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : N. America
  • World Distribution : Introduced in most parts of the world.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan dist.; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga dist.; Rao & Razi, 1981 – Flora of Mysore dist.; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere dist.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Datura stramonium. Downloaded on 22 September 2019.

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