Balanites roxburghii Planchon

 
  • Family : SIMAROUBACEAE
    (Quassia Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : HINGOT FAMILY (हिंगोट फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile sensu Indian floras
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Balanites roxburghii Planch.
  • Common name : Desert Date
  • Vernacular name : Hingan, Hingu (Hindi); Ingula, Ingalukke (Kannada); Koolathi, Nanjundan, Thoruvattu (Tamil); Gouritvae (Sanskrit); Hinganbet (Marathi); Gara, Gari (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Scrub and Dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On foothills of scrub jungles and in deciduous forests. Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del from India is missapplied for B. roxburghii Planch. (Raja K. Swamy 2016)
  • Key identification features : Leaves ashy grey. Bark yellowish-grey. Fruit pulp with offensive smell
  • Flower, Fruit : January-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Prakasam district, Kurnool district, Guntur district, Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Sandur Hills-Ballari district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruchirapalli district, Coimbatore district, Ramanathapuram district, Salem district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam Distric; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Balanites roxburghii. Downloaded on 4 March 2021.

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