Smilax zeylanica L.

 
  • Family : SMILACACEAE
    (GREENBRIER or CATBRIER FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Smilacaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Smilax macrophylla Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Smilax zeylanica L.
  • Vernacular name : Kaattukkodi (Tamil); Mutri, Ramdatani, Mothuri, Ramdatuni, Mutur, Raj dantni (Oria); Jangli aushbah, Shob cheri (Hindi); Kondathamara, Kummari teega (Telugu); Arikanni, Kareelanchi, Keeralanchi, Valiyakanni (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests and semi-Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills above 1200m climbing on thickets and by shola border on trees
  • Flower, Fruit : April-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Amravati district, Bhandara district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Chandrapur district, Kolhapur district, Pune district, Ratnagiri district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • World Distribution : India, Himalayas, Myanmar, Malaysia, Nepal, Indo-China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Smilax zeylanica. Downloaded on 15 November 2019.

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