Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.

 
  • Family : SIMAROUBACEAE
    (QUASSIA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Simaroubaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.
  • Common name : Heaven Tree
  • Vernacular name : Maharuk, Ghorneem (Hindi); Heb'bevu (Kannada); Perumaram, Peruppi (Tamil); Pedda maanu (Telugu); Mahanim, Mahal, Mahalimba (Oria); Ghod-limb, Maharukh (Marathi); Matti, Mattipongilyam, Peemaram, Perumaram, Pongiliam, Peruppi, Sali, Swaali (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1000m. Often planted for the softwood.
  • Key identification features : Bark light greyish-brown, fibrous or granular, rough; wood is used for matchsticks, catamarans
  • Flower, Fruit : December-July
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Kurnool district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Bidar district, Chitradurga district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Kanyakumari district, Madurai district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharastra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India; Saldanha, 1996; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 – Flora of Mysore.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ailanthus excelsa. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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