Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettstein

 
  • Family : SCROPHULARIACEAE
    (Figwort Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BRAHMI FAMILY (ब्राह्मी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : PLANTAGINACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Monniera cuneifolia Michx.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst.
  • Common name : Memory plant, Thyme-leaved grateola, Bacopa
  • Vernacular name : Brahmi (Hindi); Neeru brahmi (Kannada); Brahmi, Neeti sambrani, Sambrani chettu (Telugu); Panikundi (Oria); Brahmi (Sanskrit); Nira-brahmi (Marathi); Bhrammi, Neerbrahmi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Low lying marshy places and water puddles
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hills to 1400m. Abundant on low-lying marshy places and water puddles.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • World Distribution : Paleotropics
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1.; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bacopa monnieri. Downloaded on 12 July 2020.

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