Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson

 
  • Family : ARACEAE
    (Arum Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : OAL FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : ARACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Amorphophallus campanulatus Blume ex Decne.; Dracontium paeoniifolium Dennst.; Arum campanulatum Decne.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson
  • Common name : Elephant foot Yam
  • Vernacular name : Soorana (Sanskrit); Suvaran, Jameenkand (Hindi); Suvarna gedde, Kadu suvarna gedde (Kannada); Suran (Marathi); Oal, Olna, Oal kinda, Olakunda, Olua (Oria); Manshi kanda (Telugu); Kattuchena, Chena (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : Moist deciduous forests. Cultivated for its edible tuber. Very stout
  • Key identification features : A large perennial herb with a massive subterranean tuber (corm). Leaves large with segments spreading. Flowers in spadix and foul-smelling. Spathe bell-shaped
  • Flower, Fruit : May-June
  • Collection Nos : KFP 3679, HFP 1738, HFP 1772, DHN 4154
  • Collection Locality : Belgaum
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Uttara Kannada district, Hassan district, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Amravati district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Nagpur district, Pune district, Raigad district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
  • Native : Madagascar
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pacific Islands
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Pullaiah, 1997. Fl. Andhra Pradesh, vol. 3; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Amorphophallus paeoniifolius. Downloaded on 7 July 2020.

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